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Biomaterials. 2008 Apr;29(10):1412-21. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2007.12.019. Epub 2008 Jan 10.

Surface functionalization of titanium with hyaluronic acid/chitosan polyelectrolyte multilayers and RGD for promoting osteoblast functions and inhibiting bacterial adhesion.

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1
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore 119260, Singapore.

Abstract

Titanium (Ti) and its alloys are used extensively in orthopedic implants due to their excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties. However, titanium-based implant materials have specific complications associated with their applications, such as the loosening of implant-host interface owing to unsatisfactory cell adhesion and the susceptibility of the implants to bacterial infections. Hence, a surface which displays selective biointeractivity, i.e. enhancing beneficial host cell responses but inhibiting pathogenic microbial adhesion, would be highly desirable. This present study aims to improve biocompatibility and confer long-lasting antibacterial properties on Ti via polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) of hyaluronic acid (HA) and chitosan (CH), coupled with surface-immobilized cell-adhesive arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide. The HA/CH PEM-functionalized Ti is highly effective as an antibacterial surface but the adhesion of bone cells (osteoblasts) is poorer than on pristine Ti. With additional immobilized RGD moieties, the osteoblast adhesion can be significantly improved. The density of the surface-immobilized RGD peptide has a significant effect on osteoblast proliferation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and both functions can be increased by 100-200% over that of pristine Ti substrates while retaining high antibacterial efficacy. Such substrates can be expected to have good potential in orthopedic applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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