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J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2008 Jul;21(7):786-8. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2007.11.013. Epub 2008 Jan 9.

The 5-minute screening echocardiogram for athletes.

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  • 1University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Echocardiography is an accurate way to identify common cardiac abnormalities that lead to sudden death. We report a screening echocardiogram protocol incorporated into the routine athletic medical assessment for all incoming college freshman athletes.

METHODS:

A limited 2-dimensional echocardiogram was performed on athletes as part of a routine sports physical examination. The examination was performed by sonographers and senior cardiovascular medicine fellows and interpreted in real time by cardiologists using a 1-page checklist. No images were recorded.

RESULTS:

Of the 395 athletes representing 14 sports, 192 were female. The limited 2-dimensional echocardiogram took approximately 5 minutes per athlete. The majority of studies revealed normal findings (84%). A total of 55 had minor abnormalities not requiring follow-up. Five had abnormalities requiring a full echocardiogram and consultation with a cardiologist.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates that a rapid screening echocardiogram is feasible and can be incorporated into the routine athletic medical examination for incoming varsity athletes.

PMID:
18187286
DOI:
10.1016/j.echo.2007.11.013
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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