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Allergy. 2008 Feb;63(2):219-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2007.01564.x.

Novel sequences and epitopes of diagnostic value derived from the Anisakis simplex Ani s 7 major allergen.

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Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain.



Anisakis simplex allergens may cause severe allergic reactions in infected patients. Human anisakiasis can be specifically diagnosed by detection of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies against O-deglycosylated nAni s 7 allergen captured by monoclonal antibody (mAb) UA3 (UA3-ELISA), although the nature of this important allergen is unknown. The aim of this study was to clone and characterize the Ani s 7 major allergen, and to obtain a recombinant fragment suitable for serodiagnosis.


An Anisakis cDNA library was screened with mAb UA3 and a cDNA clone (rAni s 7) encoding a 1096-amino acid fragment of Ani s 7 (GenBank: EF158010) was identified. Bioinformatic tools and immunological and biochemical techniques were used to characterize the allergen obtained.


The rAni s 7 fragment comprised 19 repeats of a novel CX(17-25)CX(9-22)CX(8)CX(6) tandem repeat motif not seen in any previously reported protein sequence. An internal (435)Met-(713)Arg fragment of the rAni s 7 (t-Ani s 7) was expressed in Escherichia coli and evaluated for serodiagnostic utility. Indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with t-Ani s 7 identified as positive the same 60 sera as UA3-ELISA. The sequence MCQCVQKYGTEFCKKRLA from rAni s 7 was identified as the epitope recognized by mAb UA3, and is the target for over 60% of human IgE antibodies that react with O-deglycosylated nAni s 7.


In addition to their clear value for serodiagnosis of human anisakiasis, the nature of the novel sequences and epitopes identified in the Ani s 7 allergen are of interest for a better understanding of the mechanisms operating in Anisakis-induced allergy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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