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Clin J Sport Med. 2008 Jan;18(1):44-8. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e31815f2b35.

Intrinsic predictors of lateral ankle sprain in adolescent dancers: a prospective cohort study.

Author information

1
School of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify intrinsic predictors of lateral ankle sprain.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING:

A performing arts secondary school and a dance school.

PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred fifteen adolescent dancers (94 female and 21 male) entered the study. One ankle of each dancer was randomly assigned to a test group (n = 114), and the other was assigned to a validation group (n = 112).

PREDICTORS:

Eighteen measures, including age, dance history, previous ankle sprain, ankle and foot laxity and range of motion, and balance from test ankles were entered into a backwards stepwise Cox regression model. The model generated with the test group was used to predict ankle sprains in the validation group.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Time to first lateral ankle sprain.

RESULTS:

An increased risk of sprain in the test group was predicted by younger age [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.65, 95% CI 0.45-0.94], previous sprain of the contralateral ankle (HR = 3.76, CI 1.24-11.40), increased passive inversion range (HR = 1.06, CI 1.00-1.12), and inability to balance on demipointe (HR = 3.75, CI 1.02-13.73). Of these predictors, only previous sprain of the contralateral ankle significantly predicted ankle sprain in the validation group (HR = 3.90, CI 1.49-10.22). The predictive accuracy of this variable was not strong (positive likelihood ratio of 2.01 and negative likelihood ratio of 0.45).

CONCLUSION:

A history of previous lateral ankle sprain is associated with an increase in the risk of future sprain of the contralateral ankle.

PMID:
18185038
DOI:
10.1097/JSM.0b013e31815f2b35
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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