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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jan 15;105(2):792-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0705563105. Epub 2008 Jan 9.

The A2b adenosine receptor protects against vascular injury.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA.

Abstract

The A2b adenosine receptor (A2bAR) is highly abundant in bone marrow macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). To examine the functional significance of this receptor expression, we applied a femoral artery injury model to A2bAR knockout (KO) mice and showed that the A2bAR prevents vascular lesion formation in an injury model that resembles human restenosis after angioplasty. While considering related mechanisms, we noted higher levels of TNF-alpha, an up-regulator of CXCR4, and of VSMC proliferation in the injured KO mice. In accordance, CXCR4, which is known to attract progenitor cells during tissue regeneration, is up-regulated in lesions of the KO mice. In addition, aortic smooth muscle cells derived from A2bAR KO mice display greater proliferation in comparison with controls. Bone marrow transplantation experiments indicated that the majority of the signal for lesion formation in the null mice originates from bone marrow cells. Thus, this study highlights the significance of the A2bAR in regulating CXCR4 expression in vivo and in protecting against vascular lesion formation.

PMID:
18184815
PMCID:
PMC2206615
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0705563105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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