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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008 May;28(5):887-91. doi: 10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600604. Epub 2008 Jan 9.

Optimal definition for PWI/DWI mismatch in acute ischemic stroke patients.

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Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Erratum in

  • J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008 Jun;28(6):1272. Parks, Michael P [corrected to Marks, Michael P].


Although the perfusion-weighted imaging/diffusion-weighted imaging (PWI/DWI) mismatch model has been proposed to identify acute stroke patients who benefit from reperfusion therapy, the optimal definition of a mismatch is uncertain. We evaluated the odds ratio for a favorable clinical response in mismatch patients with reperfusion compared with no reperfusion for various mismatch ratio thresholds in patients enrolled in the diffusion and perfusion imaging evaluation for understanding stroke evolution (DEFUSE) study. A mismatch ratio of 2.6 provided the highest sensitivity (90%) and specificity (83%) for identifying patients in whom reperfusion was associated with a favorable response. Defining mismatch with a larger PWI/DWI ratio may provide greater power for detecting beneficial effects of reperfusion.

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