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J Exp Bot. 2007;58(15-16):4083-93. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erm267.

Dual targeting of the tRNA nucleotidyltransferase in plants: not just the signal.

Author information

1
LMU München, VW-Research group, Department of Biology I, Menzinger Str. 67, D-80638 München, Germany.

Abstract

Enzymes involved in tRNA maturation are essential for cytosolic, mitochondrial, and plastid protein synthesis and are therefore localized to these different compartments of the cell. Interestingly, only one isoform of tRNA nucleotidyltransferase (responsible for adding the 3'-terminal cytidine-cytidine-adenosine to tRNAs) has been identified in plants. The present study therefore explored how signals contained on this enzyme allow it to be distributed among the different cell compartments. It is demonstrated that the N-terminal portion of the protein acts as an organellar targeting signal and that differential use of multiple in-frame start codons alters the localization of the protein. Moreover, it is shown that the mature domain has a major impact on the distribution of the protein within the cell. These data indicate that regulation of dual localization involves not only specific N-terminal signals, but also additional factors within the protein or the cell.

PMID:
18182422
DOI:
10.1093/jxb/erm267
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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