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J Nat Prod. 2008 Jan;71(1):137-40. doi: 10.1021/np070279y. Epub 2008 Jan 9.

[6]-gingerol induces Ca2+ mobilization in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells.

Author information

1
School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Medical Technology, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

[6]-gingerol, a major phenolic compound derived from ginger (Zingiber officinale), is a potential chemopreventive compound that can induce stress in cancer cells and cause apoptotic cell death. This study examines the early signaling effects of [6]-gingerol on renal cells. It was found that [6]-gingerol caused a slow and sustained rise of [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. [6]-gingerol also induced a [Ca2+]i rise when extracellular Ca2+ was removed, but the magnitude was reduced by 80%. Depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores with CCCP, a mitochondrial uncoupler, did not affect the action of [6]-gingerol. In a Ca2+-free medium, the [6]-gingerol-induced [Ca2+]i rise was partially abolished by depleting stored Ca2+ with thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor). The elevation of [6]-gingerol-caused [Ca2+]i in a Ca2+-containing medium was not affected by modulation of protein kinase C activity. The [6]-gingerol-induced Ca2+ influx was blocked by nicardipine. U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, abolished ATP (but not [6]-gingerol)-induced [Ca2+]i rise. These findings suggest that [6]-gingerol induces a significant rise in [Ca2+]i in MDCK renal tubular cells by stimulating both extracellular Ca2+ influx and thapsigargin-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ release via as yet unidentified mechanisms.

PMID:
18181576
DOI:
10.1021/np070279y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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