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AAPS PharmSciTech. 2007 Nov 30;8(4):E99. doi: 10.1208/pt0804099.

Raman characterization and chemical imaging of biocolloidal self-assemblies, drug delivery systems, and pulmonary inhalation aerosols: a review.

Author information

1
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Pharmacy, Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, Campus Box #7360, 311 Pharmacy Lane, 1311 Kerr Hall, Dispersed Systems Laboratory, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7360, USA. hmmansour@unc.edu

Abstract

This review presents an introduction to Raman scattering and describes the various Raman spectroscopy, Raman microscopy, and chemical imaging techniques that have demonstrated utility in biocolloidal self-assemblies, pharmaceutical drug delivery systems, and pulmonary research applications. Recent Raman applications to pharmaceutical aerosols in the context of pulmonary inhalation aerosol delivery are discussed. The "molecular fingerprint" insight that Raman applications provide includes molecular structure, drug-carrier/excipient interactions, intramolecular and intermolecular bonding, surface structure, surface and interfacial interactions, and the functional groups involved therein. The molecular, surface, and interfacial properties that Raman characterization can provide are particularly important in respirable pharmaceutical powders, as these particles possess a higher surface-area-to-volume ratio; hence, understanding the nature of these solid surfaces can enable their manipulation and tailoring for functionality at the nanometer level for targeted pulmonary delivery and deposition. Moreover, Raman mapping of aerosols at the micro- and nanometer level of resolution is achievable with new, sophisticated, commercially available Raman microspectroscopy techniques. This noninvasive, highly versatile analytical and imaging technique exhibits vast potential for in vitro and in vivo molecular investigations of pulmonary aerosol delivery, lung deposition, and pulmonary cellular drug uptake and disposition in unfixed living pulmonary cells.

PMID:
18181559
PMCID:
PMC2750560
DOI:
10.1208/pt0804099
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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