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Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Jan;82(1):32-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.08.003.

C6ORF66 is an assembly factor of mitochondrial complex I.

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Metabolic Disease Unit and, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.


Homozygosity mapping was performed in five patients from a consanguineous family who presented with infantile mitochondrial encephalomyopathy attributed to isolated NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) deficiency. This resulted in the identification of a missense mutation in a conserved residue of the C6ORF66 gene, which encodes a 20.2 kDa mitochondrial protein. The mutation was also detected in a patient who presented with antenatal cardiomyopathy. In muscle of two patients, the levels of the C6ORF66 protein and of the fully assembled complex I were markedly reduced. Transfection of the patients' fibroblasts with wild-type C6ORF66 cDNA restored complex I activity. These data suggest that C6ORF66 is an assembly factor of complex I. Interestingly, the C6ORF66 gene product was previously shown to promote breast cancer cell invasiveness.

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