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Epilepsy Res. 1991 Nov-Dec;10(2-3):111-8.

Histamine in brain--its role in regulation of seizure susceptibility.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

The influence of drugs affecting the turnover and levels of histamine in brain and histamine antagonists on pentetrazole (PTZ)-induced and electroconvulsive seizure threshold in mice was studied. A 1.5-2-fold rise in histamine brain concentration (induced by treatment with histidine or metoprine), led to a concomitant increase of PTZ-induced seizure threshold. A histidine decarboxylase inhibitor (brocresine) induced a depletion of brain histamine by about 75% for at least 8 h, the seizure threshold was, however, only reduced at 6 and 8 h after the injection. At shorter intervals, the seizure threshold was substantially increased. Treatment with centrally acting H1 antagonists (dimethindene and promethazine) in non-sedative dosage diminished the PTZ seizure threshold significantly; no changes were seen after treatment with H2 and H3 antagonists (oxmetidine, ranitidine, zolantidine or thioperamide) and a H3 agonist (R-alpha-methylhistamine). The electroconvulsive threshold was hardly influenced. It is concluded that histamine has a certain anticonvulsant effect which is mediated through H1 receptors.

PMID:
1817952
DOI:
10.1016/0920-1211(91)90003-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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