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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Mar;56(3):523-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01591.x. Epub 2008 Jan 4.

Efficacy of a geriatrics team intervention for residents in dementia-specific assisted living facilities: effect on unanticipated transitions.

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Baystate Medical Center/Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, Massachusetts, USA.



To determine whether a multidisciplinary team intervention minimizes unanticipated transitions from assisted living for persons with dementia.


Randomized trial.


Two dementia-specific assisted living facilities in Connecticut owned and managed by the same corporation.


One hundred older adults with dementia who relocated to assisted living.


Four systematic multidisciplinary assessments by a geriatrician, geriatrics advanced practice nurse, physical therapist, dietitian, and social worker during the first 9 months of relocation to assisted living.


Permanent relocation to a nursing facility, emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalization, and death.


Fifty-five residents experienced any unanticipated transition out of assisted living, on average 84 +/- 74 days after relocation; falls were the primary reason for transition. The intervention reduced the risk of any unanticipated transitions (13%), permanent relocation to a nursing facility (11%), ED visits (12%), hospitalization (45%), and death (63%), but the results did not meet statistical significance. In secondary analysis, more men experienced any unanticipated transition (P<.001), hospitalization (P<.001), or death (P<.001) than women.


Although an untargeted multidisciplinary intervention did not significantly reduce the risk of transitions for individuals with dementia relocating to assisted living in this small sample, trends for decreasing hospitalization and death were found. The data further suggest that those at risk for falls and men may benefit from targeted clinical interventions to prevent unanticipated transitions, especially during the first 3 months after relocation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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