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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 May;1783(5):789-802. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2007.12.004. Epub 2007 Dec 15.

Reactive oxygen species produced up- or downstream of calcium influx regulate proinflammatory mediator release from mast cells: role of NADPH oxidase and mitochondria.

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Division of Molecular Cell Immunology and Allergology, Advanced Medical Research Center, Nihon University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.


Earlier studies have demonstrated that mast cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), which play a role in regulating Ca(2+) influx, while in other cell types ROS are produced in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner. We sought to determine whether ROS are produced downstream of the extracellular Ca(2+) entry in mast cells. Thapsigargin (TG), a receptor-independent agonist, could evoke a robust burst of intracellular ROS. However, this response was distinct from the antigen-induced burst of ROS with respect to time course and dependence on Ca(2+) and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K). The antigen-induced ROS generation occurred immediately, while the TG-induced ROS generation occurred with a significant lag time (~2 min). Antigen but not TG caused extracellular release of superoxide (O(2)(*-))/hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), which was blocked by diphenyleneiodonium, apocynin, and wortmannin. A capacitative Ca(2+) entry resulted in the generation of O(2)(*-) in the mitochondria in a PI3K-independent manner. Blockade of ROS generation inhibited TG-induced mediator release. Finally, when used together, antigen and TG evoked the release of leukotriene C(4), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-13 as well as ROS generation synergistically. These results suggest that ROS produced upstream of Ca(2+) influx by NADPH oxidase and downstream of Ca(2+) influx by the mitochondria regulate the proinflammatory response of mast cells.

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