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J Athl Train. 2007 Oct-Dec;42(4):536-45.

National athletic trainers' association position statement: management of the athlete with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1West Chester University, West Chester, PA, USA.



To present recommendations for the certified athletic trainer in the management of type 1 diabetes in the athlete.


In managing diabetes, the most important goal is to keep blood glucose levels at or as close to normal levels as possible without causing hypoglycemia. This goal requires the maintenance of a delicate balance among hypoglycemia, euglycemia, and hyperglycemia, which is often more challenging in the athlete due to the demands of physical activity and competition. However, effectively managing blood glucose, lipid, and blood pressure levels is necessary to ensuring the long-term health and well-being of the athlete with diabetes.


These recommendations are intended to provide the certified athletic trainer participating in the management of an athlete with type 1 diabetes mellitus with the specific knowledge and problem-solving skills needed. Athletic trainers have more contact with the athlete with diabetes than most members of the diabetes management team do and so must be prepared to assist the athlete as required.


hyperglycemia; hypoglycemia; insulin replacement therapy

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