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Nat Neurosci. 2008 Feb;11(2):143-51. doi: 10.1038/nn2025. Epub 2008 Jan 6.

CNS-derived glia ensheath peripheral nerves and mediate motor root development.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA.

Abstract

Motor function requires that motor axons extend from the spinal cord at regular intervals and that they are myelinated by Schwann cells. Little attention has been given to another cellular structure, the perineurium, which ensheaths the motor nerve, forming a flexible, protective barrier. Consequently, the origin of perineurial cells and their roles in motor nerve formation are poorly understood. Using time-lapse imaging in zebrafish, we show that perineurial cells are born in the CNS, arising as ventral spinal-cord glia before migrating into the periphery. In embryos lacking perineurial glia, motor neurons inappropriately migrated outside of the spinal cord and had aberrant axonal projections, indicating that perineurial glia carry out barrier and guidance functions at motor axon exit points. Additionally, reciprocal signaling between perineurial glia and Schwann cells was necessary for motor nerve ensheathment by both cell types. These insights reveal a new class of CNS-born glia that critically contributes to motor nerve development.

PMID:
18176560
PMCID:
PMC2657597
DOI:
10.1038/nn2025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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