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Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2008 Jan;56(1):52-6.

Diterpenes from Coleus forskohlii (WILLD.) BRIQ. (Labiatae).

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Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, People's Republic of China.


Three new minor labdane diterpene glycosides, forskoditerpenoside C, D, and E (1-3), and a novel labdane diterpene forskoditerpene A (4) were isolated from the ethanol extract of the whole plant of Coleus forskohlii. Their structures and relative stereochemistry were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses including 1D-, 2D-NMR, and HR-ESI-MS experiments. Compounds 1-3 showed an unusual 8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one glycoside pattern. They showed relaxative effects on isolated guinea pig tracheal spirals in vitro. Compound 4 with a cyclopropyl, confirmed by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction determination, is the first known labdane derivative with a spiro element.

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