Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Digestion. 2007;76(3-4):223-8. doi: 10.1159/000112728. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Combined pH-metry/impedance monitoring increases the diagnostic yield in patients with atypical gastroesophageal reflux symptoms.

Author information

  • 1II. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Technische Universitat Munchen, Munchen, Germany.



Globus sensations, hoarseness and chronic cough are suggested to be atypical manifestations of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). The aim of the study was to investigate whether combined pH-metry and multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring increases the diagnostic yield.


41 patients with atypical GERD symptoms were included in the study. Globus sensation was the dominant symptom in 23 patients (56.1%). The remaining 18 patients (43.9%) complained mainly about hoarseness or chronic cough. All patients were examined by endoscopy, dual-channel pH-metry and impedance monitoring off-therapy with proton pump inhibitors (PPI). Diagnostic yield of the respective method was determined.


A total of 26 patients (63.4%) had pathological findings in any method. The highest diagnostic yield was achieved by combined 24-h pH-metry/impedance measurement (61.0%), followed by solely impedance measurement (48.8%), distal pH-metry (29.3%), endoscopy (22.8%) and proximal pH-metry (17.1%). All patients with a positive PPI-test and 25% of patients (5/20) with a negative PPI-test had a pathological result in pH-metry/impedance.


Multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring increases the diagnostic yield for objective detection of atypical manifestation of GERD. Combined 24-h pH-metry/impedance measurement has the best diagnostic yield for detection of gastroesophageal reflux and has therefore the potential to represent a new diagnostic gold standard.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
    Loading ...
    Support Center