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Digestion. 2007;76(3-4):215-20. doi: 10.1159/000112649. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

A new eradication resistance index as a predictor of metronidazole-containing second-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is helpful in clinical practice to predict the effects of eradication therapy on Helicobacter pylori.

AIM:

To develop a useful predictor of the response to metronidazole (MNZ)-containing second-line regimens by combining minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of both amoxicillin (AMX) and MNZ, and the results of urea breath test (UBT) before the treatment.

METHODS:

We enrolled 107 patients who showed eradication failure following first-line triple therapy with a proton pump inhibitor, AMX and clarithromycin. The eradication resistance index was defined as: [pre-treatment UBT result ( per thousand)] x [AMX MIC (microg/ml)] x [MNZ MIC (microg/ml)]. Second-line eradication therapy with lansoprazole, AMX and MNZ was administered for 1 week. Eradication was confirmed by the UBT.

RESULTS:

The eradication resistance index in subjects showing eradication failure and those showing successful eradication was 9.72 +/- 6.63 and 1.25 +/- 2.31, respectively (p < 0.001). When a cutoff value of 3 was used, the eradication resistance index predicted the response to therapy with a specificity of 93.8%, sensitivity of 81.8%, and accuracy of 92.5%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The eradication resistance index is a more useful predictor of response to MNZ-containing regimens for second-line treatment than only pretreatment UBT results or MNZ resistance.

PMID:
18174683
DOI:
10.1159/000112649
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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