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J Biol Chem. 2008 Mar 14;283(11):6854-60. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M709945200. Epub 2008 Jan 3.

Megalin mediates selenoprotein P uptake by kidney proximal tubule epithelial cells.

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Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA.


Selenoprotein P (Sepp1) contains most of the selenium in blood plasma, and it is utilized by the kidney, brain, and testis as a selenium source for selenoprotein synthesis. We recently demonstrated that apolipoprotein E receptor-2 (ApoER2) is required for Sepp1 uptake by the testis and that deletion of ApoER2 reduces testis and brain, but not kidney, selenium levels. This study examined the kidney Sepp1 uptake pathway. Immunolocalization experiments demonstrated that Sepp1 passed into the glomerular filtrate and was specifically taken up by proximal tubule epithelial cells. Neither the C terminus selenocysteine-rich domain of Sepp1 nor ApoER2 was required for Sepp1 uptake by proximal tubules. Tissue ligand binding assays using cryosections of Sepp1-/- kidneys revealed that the proximal tubule epithelium contained Sepp1-binding sites that were blocked by the receptor-associated protein, RAP, an inhibitor of lipoprotein receptor-ligand interactions. Ligand blotting assays of kidney membrane preparations fractionated by SDS-PAGE revealed that Sepp1 binds megalin, a lipoprotein receptor localized to the proximal tubule epithelium. Immunolocalization analyses confirmed the in vivo co-localization of Sepp1 and megalin in wild type kidneys and demonstrated the absence of proximal tubule Sepp1 uptake in megalin null mice. These results demonstrate that kidney selenium homeostasis is mediated by a megalin-dependent Sepp1 uptake pathway in the proximal tubule.

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