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Dent Traumatol. 2008 Feb;24(1):56-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-9657.2006.00511.x.

Dento-alveolar and maxillofacial injuries: a 5-year multi-center study. Part 2: severity and location.

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1
Endodontics and Dental Trauma Unit, Department of Dental Sciences, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel. sh_lin@rambam.health.gov.il

Abstract

Maxillofacial and dental injuries are not uncommon. These injuries may cause morbidity and demand meticulously planned treatment. Part 1 of this study focused on the incidence of general trauma injuries, as well as facial or dental trauma. The aim of part 2 is to evaluate the severity and location of the dento-alveolar and maxillofacial injuries over 5 years. A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on data from the Israel National Trauma Registry. Patients admitted and hospitalized due to trauma injuries during the years 2000-2004, totaled 111,010 in which 5886 (5.3%) were maxillofacial or dental injuries. Most of these injuries were traffic-related (54.5%), followed by events at home (18.7%). Facial injuries combined with injuries to other organs involved occurred in 3721 (63.2%) of the patients. Most minor injuries were noted when no other organs were involved, while severe injuries were more common when multiple organs were involved. More than 25% of facial injuries required surgery. Meticulous epidemiologic studies are needed to support the leading role, extent, and severity of maxillofacial trauma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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