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Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol. 2007 Nov-Dec;43(6):635-52.

[Aerotolerance of strictly anaerobic microorganisms and factors of defense against oxidative stress: a review].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

Effects of aerobic conditions on strictly anaerobic microorganisms belonging to diverse taxa (clostridia, acetogenic bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, bacteroids, sulfate-reducing bacteria, and methanogenic archaea) and differing considerably in their oxygen resistance have been reviewed, with emphasis on the role of aerotolerance in the ecology of anaerobes. Consideration is given to components of nutritive media for anaerobe culturing, which decrease the toxic effects of oxygen and there by contribute significantly to maintenance and storage of industrial cultures of strictly anaerobic microorganisms. Physiological and biochemical factors are described, accounting for the relative resistance of many strict anaerobes to oxygen and products of incomplete reduction thereof. Specific attention is given to regulation of enzymes of antioxidative defense, operating in the cells of strict anaerobes under the conditions of oxidative stress caused by oxygen, superoxide anion, or hydrogen peroxide.

PMID:
18173105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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