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AAPS J. 2007 Dec 14;9(3):E378-87. doi: 10.1208/aapsj0903045.

Pharmacokinetics in mice implanted with xenografted tumors after intravenous administration of tasidotin (ILX651) or its carboxylate metabolite.

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Genzyme Corporation, 4545 Horizon Hill Blvd, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA.


The pharmacokinetics of tasidotin (ILX651), a depsipeptide currently in phase II for the treatment of advanced solid tumors, and tasidotin-C-carboxylate, the main metabolite, were characterized in male nude mice implanted with LOX tumors, which are sensitive to tasidotin, or H460 tumors, which are resistant to tasidotin. The pharmacokinetics of tasidotin and its metabolites were characterized after single-dose administration of tasidotin (20 and 120 mg/kg), tasidotin-C-carboxylate (150 mg/kg), or tasidotin (53 mg/kg) in the presence and absence of Z-prolyl prolinal (5 mg/kg administered 1 hour prior to tasidotin administration), a competitive antagonist of prolyl oligopeptidase, the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of tasidotin to tasidotin-C-carboxylate. A secondary study was done comparing tumor growth in tasidotin-treated mice with implanted LOX tumors in the presence and absence of Z-prolyl-prolinal. After tasidotin administration, the pharmacokinetics of tasidotin and tasidotin-C-carboxylate were similar in plasma and tumors in LOX- and H460-implanted mice, indicating the resistance was not due to pharmacokinetic factors. Tumor carboxylate concentrations were much higher than in plasma after tasidotin administration. The metabolite appeared to contribute approximately 17% to 33% to the total exposure in LOX tumors and 20% to 49% in H460 tumors but <5% in plasma. Less than 5% of the administered tasidotin dose was converted to tasidotin-C-carboxylate, with no apparent differences between LOX- and H460-treated animals. The presence of Z-prolyl-prolinal decreased the amount of tasidotin converted to tasidotin-C-carboxylate from 5.5% to 0.90%, a reduction of almost 80%. After tasidotin-C-carboxylate administration, the half-life was on the order of minutes compared with hours when observed after tasidotin administration. Tasidotin-C-carboxylate elimination was not dependent on tasidotin pharmacokinetics, suggesting that the rate of efflux from cells into plasma was the rate-limiting step in its elimination. Tasidotin-C-carboxylate was also further metabolized to desprolyl-tasidotin-C-carboxylate, although the metabolite ratios were <10%. Pretreatment with Z-prolyl-prolinal completely abolished the antitumor activity of tasidotin, indicating that the metabolite is the main moiety responsible for activity and that, despite tasidotin itself having activity in vitro, tasidotin is acting mainly as a prodrug.

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