Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Jan;89(1):137-45. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.07.046.

Wavelet-based spectrum analysis of sacral skin blood flow response to alternating pressure.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15203, USA. yij2@pitt.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To provide insight into the physiologic mechanisms associated with alternating pressure, using wavelet analysis of skin blood flow (SBF) oscillations, and to determine whether the application of alternating pressure induces myogenic responses, thereby enhancing SBF as compared with constant loading.

DESIGN:

Repeated-measures design.

SETTING:

University research laboratory.

PARTICIPANTS:

Healthy, young adults (N=10; 5 men, 5 women; mean age +/- standard deviation, 30.0+/-3.1 y).

INTERVENTION:

Alternating pressure for 20 minutes (four 5-min cycles with either 60 mmHg or 3 mmHg) and constant loading for 20 minutes at 30 mmHg on the skin over the sacrum.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

A laser Doppler flowmeter was used to measure sacral SBF response to both alternating pressure and constant loading. Wavelet-based spectrum analysis of SBF oscillations was used to assess underlying physiologic mechanisms including endothelium-related metabolic (.008-.02 Hz), neurogenic (.02-.05 Hz), and myogenic (.05-.15 Hz) controls.

RESULTS:

Alternating pressure stimulated an increase in sacral SBF of compressed soft tissues as compared with constant loading (P<.01). SBF during the high-pressure phase of 4 alternating pressure cycles showed an increasing trend. An increase in power in metabolic frequency range and a decrease in power in the myogenic frequency range during alternating pressure were observed compared with SBF prior to loading. Power increased in the myogenic frequency range during the low-pressure phase of alternating pressure and decreased during the high-pressure phase.

CONCLUSIONS:

SBF control mechanisms, as assessed by the characteristic frequencies embedded in SBF oscillations, show different responses to 2 loading pressures with the same average pressure but different patterns. Our study suggests that optimization of operating parameters and configurations of alternating pressure support surfaces to compensate for impaired SBF control mechanisms in pathologic populations may be possible using wavelet analysis of blood flow oscillations.

PMID:
18164343
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2007.07.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center