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Biochem Pharmacol. 2008 Mar 1;75(5):1209-17. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2007.11.003. Epub 2007 Nov 17.

Cell shape, cell-cell contact, cell-extracellular matrix contact and cell polarity are all required for the maximum induction of CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 gene expression by phenobarbital in adult rat cultured hepatocytes.

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1
Laboratory of Nutritional Biochemistry, Department of Applied Molecular Biosciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan. hirooda@agr.nagoya-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The effect of cell shape, cell density, contact with extracellular matrix and cell polarity on the phenobarbital (PB)-induced gene expression of CYP2B1 and CYP2B2 (CYP2B1/2B2) in adult rat hepatocytes was investigated. High cell density enhanced the induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB. Hepatocytes cultured on EHS gel showed a spherical cell shape and highly enhanced the induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB. Although monolayer hepatocytes cultured on type I collagen (TIC) and type IV collagen exhibited poor induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB, monolayer cells on laminin showed substantial induction. The addition of soluble laminin to media did not show any effect on induction in monolayer hepatocytes cultured on TIC. Dishes coated with different concentrations of immovable laminin demonstrated complicated effects. Coating with higher concentrations of laminin resulted in greater induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB. On the other hand, when hepatocytes were cultured on dishes coated with lower concentrations of laminin, they became round and greater induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB was observed. Spherical hepatocytes cultured on low concentrations of TIC also showed highly enhanced induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB. EHS gel overlay to hepatocytes cultured on TIC and collagen sandwich configurations that are known to induce cell polarity enhanced the induction by PB. The induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression needed cytoskeleton organization, such as actin filament, microtubule filament and intermediate filament. These results demonstrate that cell shape, cell density, contact with extracellular matrix and cell polarity all play critical roles in the induction of CYP2B1/2B2 gene expression by PB.

PMID:
18164277
DOI:
10.1016/j.bcp.2007.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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