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Anal Bioanal Chem. 2008 Feb;390(4):1167-72. Epub 2007 Dec 28.

A novel approach for monitoring of cyanobacterial toxins: development and evaluation of the passive sampler for microcystins.

Author information

1
Centre for Cyanobacteria and Their Toxins, Institute of Botany, The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic & RECETOX, Masaryk University, Kamenice 126/3, 62500, Brno, Czech Republic.

Abstract

We have investigated the ability of an integrative sampler for polar organic chemicals to sequestrate a group of common and highly hazardous cyanobacterial toxins-microcystins. In a pilot experiment, commercially available passive samplers were shown to effectively accumulate microcystins after 7 days' exposure in the field. To find the most efficient configuration for sequestration of microcystins, four different porous membranes (polycarbonate, polyester, polyethersulfone and nylon) and two sorbents (Oasis HLB and Bondesil-LMS) were evaluated in the laboratory experiments, where samplers of different configuration were exposed to microcystins (microcystin-RR and microcystin-LR) for 14 days under steady conditions. We observed differences in sampling rates and amounts of accumulated microcystins depending on the sampler configurations. The samplers constructed with the polycarbonate membrane and Oasis HLB sorbent (2.75 mg/cm2) provided the highest sampling rates (0.022 L/day for microcystin-RR and 0.017 L/day for microcystin-LR). To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first reporting application of passive samplers for microcystins, and our results demonstrate the suitability of this tool for monitoring cyanotoxins in water.

PMID:
18163164
DOI:
10.1007/s00216-007-1785-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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