Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FASEB J. 2008 May;22(5):1327-34. Epub 2007 Dec 27.

Genetic variability in the SNCA gene influences alpha-synuclein levels in the blood and brain.

Author information

University of Tübingen, Hertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research, Department of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Hoppe-Seyler Str. 3, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.


Genetic variability in the promoter and 3' region of the SNCA gene coding alpha-synuclein modulates the risk to develop sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Whether this is mediated by regulating alpha-synuclein expression levels remains unknown. Therefore, we analyzed levels of alpha-synuclein in blood and human post mortem brain tissue including the substantia nigra using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in vivo. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs356219, a tagging SNP for a disease-associated haplotype in the 3' region of the SNCA gene, has a significant effect on SNCA mRNA levels in the substantia nigra and the cerebellum. Further, the "protective" genotype 259/259 of the PD-associated promoter repeat NACP-Rep1 is associated with lower protein levels in blood than genotypes 261/261, 259/261, and 259/263. In conclusion, we provide evidence that alpha-synuclein levels are influenced by genetic variability in the promoter and 3' region of the SNCA gene in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center