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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2008 May;10(5):939-49.

BRCA1-mediated ubiquitination inhibits topoisomerase II alpha activity in response to oxidative stress.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics, Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.


Topoisomerase IIalpha is known to be critically involved in both cell proliferation and cell death. The mechanisms responsible for stress-dependent topoisomerase IIalpha alterations, however, remain unclear. This study focused on the behavior of topoisomerase IIalpha in response to oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). The catalytic activity of topoisomerase IIalpha in MOLT-4 cells treated with H(2)O(2) decreased in parallel with the alteration of topoisomerase IIalpha expression. The ubiquitination of topoisomerase IIalpha was dependent on oxidative stress. BRCA1, a tumor-suppressor gene, appeared to be involved in these alterations in topoisomerase IIalpha. Furthermore, the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) was required for the ubiquitination of topoisomerase IIalpha by BRCA1. We conclude that the functions of topoisomerase IIalpha are regulated by ubiquitination on exposure to oxidative stress.

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