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Int J Biol Markers. 2007 Oct-Dec;22(4):281-6.

Diagnostic application of serum proteomic patterns in gastric cancer patients by ProteinChip surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei Yongdong Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.


Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) is one of thecurrently used techniques to identify biomarkers for cancers. This study was planned to establish a system to accurately distinguish gastric cancer patients by using SELDI-TOF-MS. A total of 100 serum samples obtained from 60 individuals with gastric cancer and 40 healthy individuals were screened. Protein expression profiles were expressed on CM10 ProteinChip arrays and analyzed. Peak intensities were analyzed with the Biomarker Wizard software to identify peaks showing significantly different intensities between normal and cancer groups. Classification analysis and construction of decision trees were done with the Biomarker Pattern software 5.0. Seventeen protein peaks showed significant differences between the two groups. The decision tree which gave the highest discrimination included four peaks at mass 5,919, 8,583, 10,286, and 13,758 as splitters. The sensitivity and specificity for classification of the decision tree were 96.7% (58/60) and 97.5% (39/40), respectively. When the protein biomarker pattern was tested on a blinded test set, it yielded a sensitivity of 93.3% (28/30) and a specificity of 90% (18/20). These results suggest that serum protein profiling by the SELDI system may distinguish gastric cancer patients from healthy controls with relatively high sensitivity and specificity.

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