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Int J Biol Markers. 2007 Oct-Dec;22(4):239-44.

High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) in parotid lesions.

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Department of Pathology, Medical School, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.


Although several studies have reported that oropharyngeal infection with HPV may predispose to tumorigenesis, little is known about the etiological factors of salivary gland tumors and the presence of HPV. We studied 9 parotid lesions for HPV infection including an oncocytoma, an acinic cell carcinoma, a high-grade adenocarcinoma, a low-grade polymorphous adenocarcinoma, a Warthin's tumor and 2 pleomorphic adenomas, a lymphoepithelial cyst and a lipoma of the parotid gland. DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Solution PCR for HPV detection was performed using the GP5+/GP6+ primers, while HPV typing was carried out by multiplex PCR for HPV6, 11, 16, 18, and 33; positive samples were recorfirmed by PCR with specific primers for each type. Quantitative real-time PCR for the high-risk HPV genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 52, 58 and 67 was also performed to quantitate the viral load. Finally, in situ PCR was employed with HPV16-specific primers by direct-detection method. Seven of the 9 parotid lesions were HPV positive while 6 of these 7 had been infected by HPV16 and/or HPV18 oncogenic types. High viral load of highrisk genotypes of HPV was found in the oncocytoma, in one of the pleomorphic adenomas, and in the Warthin's tumor. Finally, in situ PCR indicated that HPV16 amplification occurred in the salivary gland tumors. This is the first time that highrisk HPV genotypes are detected in these histological types of parotid lesions, suggesting the possible involvement of the virus in the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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