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Cells Tissues Organs. 2008;188(1-2):160-9. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Adhesion of human hematopoietic progenitor cells to mesenchymal stromal cells involves CD44.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine V, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. wolfgang_wagner@med.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Direct cell-cell contact between hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) and their cellular microenvironment is essential for maintenance of 'stemness'. We have previously demonstrated that a feeder layer of human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) could provide a surrogate model as a niche for human HPC. Maintenance of long-term culture-initiating cells was significantly lower on fibroblasts.

METHODS:

Adhesion of HPC to MSC was further analyzed using our recently described adhesion assay based on gravitational force upon inversion and in combination with specific antibodies against CD44.

RESULTS:

Adhesion of KG1a and CD34+ cells was significantly reduced by administration of a monoclonal CD44 antibody and for KG1a to a greater extent than for CD34+ cells. Interaction of HPC and MSC was further analyzed by laser scanning confocal microscopy. CD44 was located on the uropod of CD34+ cells at the site of contact with MSC and both cell types were interwoven by a network of fibronectin.

CONCLUSION:

Various adhesion proteins, including CD44, are involved in the contact of human HPC and human MSC and further analysis of the relative significance and interaction of these proteins will be crucial for the understanding of the mechanism of this specific cell-cell interaction.

PMID:
18160820
DOI:
10.1159/000112821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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