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Dtsch Zahnarztl Z. 1991 Apr;46(4):281-4.

[Influence of saliva components on periodontal disease in insulin-dependent diabetics].

[Article in German]

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Poliklinik für Zahnerhaltung und Parodontologie der Universität München.


In diabetic patients an increased incidence of periodontal disease has been demonstrated. This study was to elucidate the influence of saliva constituents on periodontal alterations. 31 insulin-dependent type-I diabetics and a control group were submitted to oral examination. During daytime salivary samples were collected at regular intervals for analysis of glucose, sodium, potassium, calcium and the pH values. Additional information on relevant blood values and organic complications were obtained from the diabetic group. The results revealed a significant correlation between the degree of diabetes control and periodontal disease. The saliva concentrations of glucose and potassium were significantly elevated as against the controls. However, no correlation was found between the saliva components and periodontal disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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