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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2008 Jan;14 Suppl 1:154-8.

Prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in South America.

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International Center for Medical Research and Training (CIDEIM), Cali, Colombia.

Erratum in

  • Clin Microbiol Infect. 2008 May;14 Suppl 5:21-4.


In South American countries, the class A extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) so far recognised belong to the CTX-M, Pseudomonas Extended Resistance (PER), SHV and TEM families. ESBL rates in South America are among the highest in the world, probably due to multiple factors. SHV- and TEM-type ESBLs have been frequently encountered, but CTX-M is endemic and widely dominant. PER-type ESBLs seem to be restricted to the southern 'cone' of South America. Community-acquired ESBLs are starting to appear.

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