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Mol Microbiol. 1991 Dec;5(12):3055-62.

Purification, characterization and nucleotide sequence of the periplasmic C4-dicarboxylate-binding protein (DctP) from Rhodobacter capsulatus.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, U.K.


A periplasmic binding protein essential for high-affinity transport of the C4-dicarboxylates malate, succinate and fumarate across the cytoplasmic membrane of the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus has been purified to homogeneity and some of its ligand-binding properties characterized. The protein was not produced in a Tn5 insertion mutant unable to transport C4-dicarboxylates under aerobic conditions in the dark. Wild-type DNA corresponding to the location of the transposon insertion site was subcloned and a 1.5 kb section sequenced. A complete open reading frame of 999 bp was identified that encoded a 333-residue protein (DctP) with a molecular weight of 36,128 with a 26-residue amino-terminal signal peptide. The identify of this protein with the purified dicarboxylate-binding protein and the position of the predicted signal peptide cleavage site was confirmed by N-terminal sequencing. No significant homology with other proteins was detected in database searches. A GC-rich region of dyad symmetry was located 7 bp downstream of the dctP translational stop codon. This structure may be of significance in regulating the relative abundance of DctP and other dct gene products which comprise the high-affinity dicarboxylate transport system in this bacterium.

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