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Mol Microbiol. 1991 Dec;5(12):2977-81.

A protein kinase C-like activity in Escherichia coli.

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Department of Genetics, University of Leicester, UK.


The protein kinase C (PKC) family comprises calcium- and phospholipid-dependent kinases whose activity is stimulated by diacylglycerol and tumour-promoting phorbol esters such as 12-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA). In the Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli, functional similarity to PKC was demonstrated in crude extracts by calcium and phospholipid-dependent, TPA-stimulated phosphorylation of a small number of endogenous substrates. Activity was reduced by sphingosine, a known inhibitor of eukaryotic PKC. Structural similarity to PKC was demonstrated in crude and partially purified bacterial extracts by cross-reactivity with several monoclonal antibodies. This revealed isozyme-specific homology between a protein(s) of relative molecular mass 80-85,000 in E. coli and the alpha- and gamma-isozymes, but probably not the beta-isozyme, of eukaryotic PKC.

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