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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 1991 Summer;6(2):142-6.

Early failures in 4,641 consecutively placed Brånemark dental implants: a study from stage 1 surgery to the connection of completed prostheses.

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The Brånemark Clinic, Public Dental Health Service of Gothenburg, Faculty of Odontology, University of Gothenburg.


This study comprised 4,641 Brånemark dental implants, which were retrospectively followed from stage 1 surgery to completion of the prosthetic restorations. The implants were placed during a 3-year period (1986 to 1988) in 943 jaws, representing 889 patients with complete and partial edentulism. The jaw and sex distribution revealed a predominance of mandibles (564/943) and females (534/943). The mean age of the patients was 57.5 years (range 13 to 88 years) at implant placement. Only 69 (1.5%) fixtures failed to integrate, and most losses were seen in completely edentulous maxillae (46/69), in which the jaw bone exhibited soft quality and severe resorption. A preponderance of failures could also be seen among the shortest fixtures (7 mm). A majority of the mobile implants were recorded at the abutment connection (stage 2) operation (48/69).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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