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Chem Biol. 2007 Dec;14(12):1366-76.

Arabidopsis P-glycoprotein19 participates in the inhibition of gravitropism by gravacin.

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Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, USA.

Erratum in

  • Chem Biol. 2008 Jan;15(1):87. Cuttler, Sean [corrected to Cutler, Sean R].


ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters have been implicated in a multitude of biological pathways. In plants, some ABC transporters are involved in the polar transport of the plant hormone auxin and the gravitropic response. We previously identified Gravacin as a potent inhibitor of gravitropism in Arabidopsis thaliana. We demonstrate that P-glycoprotein19 (PGP19) is a target for Gravacin and participates in its inhibition of gravitropism. Gravacin inhibited the auxin transport activity of PGP19 and PGP19-PIN complexes. Furthermore, we identified E1174 as an important residue for PGP19 activity and its ability to form active transport complexes with PIN1. Gravacin is an auxin transport inhibitor that inhibits PGPs, particularly PGP19, which can be used to further dissect the role of PGP19 without the inhibition of other auxin transporters, namely PIN proteins.

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