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Bioresour Technol. 2008 Sep;99(13):5756-62. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Characterization of the degree of polymerization of xylooligomers produced by flowthrough hydrolysis of pure xylan and corn stover with water.

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1
Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT), Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA 92507, United States. binyang@cert.ucr.edu

Abstract

Mechanisms that control xylan removal during pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass are not well understood. For example, although hemicellulose hydrolysis is virtually always assumed to follow first-order homogeneous kinetics, the increase in xylan removal with flow rate for flowthrough pretreatment systems is inconsistent with the predictions for such models, and better information is needed to understand the causes of such discrepancies. Thus, new methods were developed to follow the fate of xylooligomers with degrees of polymerization of up to 30, a range not possible before, for water-only flowthrough pretreatment of oat spelt xylan and corn stover for temperatures of 200-240 degrees C. Material balances based on the oligomer release profiles produced by batch and flowthrough operations could be closed, suggesting the methods were quite accurate. However, the results also showed that increasing the flow rate from 0 to 2 and then 25 mL/min affected the size distribution of the xylan oligomers (DP<30) released from corn stover but not from oat spelt xylan and also increased overall hemicellulose sugar solubilization. One explanation for these difference is that lignin and lignin-xylan compounds in particular play an important role in the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass.

PMID:
18096381
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2007.10.054
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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