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Drug Metab Dispos. 2008 Mar;36(3):604-13. Epub 2007 Dec 19.

Induction of metabolism and transport in human intestine: validation of precision-cut slices as a tool to study induction of drug metabolism in human intestine in vitro.

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Department of Pharmacokinetics & Drug Delivery, Groningen Research Institute for Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.


Induction of drug enzyme activity in the intestine can strongly determine plasma levels of drugs. It is therefore important to predict drug-drug interactions in human intestine in vitro. We evaluated the applicability of human intestinal precision-cut slices for induction studies in vitro. Morphological examination and intracellular ATP levels indicated tissue integrity up to 24 h of incubation, whereas in proximal jejunum slices, the metabolic rate toward most substrates remained at 40 to 50% of initial values. In colon slices, the cytochrome P450 conversions were below the detection limit, but conjugation rates remained relatively constant during incubation. The inducibility of drug-metabolizing enzymes and P-glycoprotein was evaluated using prototypical inducers for five induction pathways. beta-Naphthoflavone (aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand) induced CYP1A1 (132-fold in colon and 362-fold in proximal jejunum) and UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A6 mRNA (9.8-fold in colon and 3.2-fold in proximal jejunum). In proximal jejunum, rifampicin (RIF) [pregnane X receptor (PXR) ligand] induced CYP3A4 (5.2-fold), CYP2B6 (2-fold), UGT1A6 (2.2-fold), and multidrug resistance-1 (MDR1)/ABCB1 mRNA (2.7-fold), whereas 6beta-hydroxytestosterone formation (CYP3A4) increased 2-fold. In colon, RIF induced UGT1A6 32-fold and MDR1 2.2-fold. Dexamethasone (glucocorticoid receptor and PXR ligand) induced CYP3A4 mRNA (3.5-fold) and activity (5-fold) in proximal jejunum. Phenobarbital (constitutive androstane receptor activator) induced CYP3A4 (4.1-fold, only in jejunum), CYP2B6 (4.9-fold in colon and 2.3-fold in proximal jejunum), and MDR1/ABCB1 mRNA and CYP3A4 activity (2-fold only proximal jejunum). Quercetin (nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 activator) induced UGT1A6 mRNA (6.7-fold in colon and 2.2-fold in proximal jejunum). In conclusion, this study shows that human intestinal precision-cut slices are useful to study induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters in the human intestine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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