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J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2008 Feb;25(4):419-24.

Microcalorimetric investigation of DNA, poly(dA)poly(dT) and poly[d(A-C)]poly[d(G-T)] melting in the presence of water soluble (meso tetra (4 N oxyethylpyridyl) porphyrin) and its Zn complex.

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E. Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, 6, Tamarashvili Street, Tbilisi, 0177, Georgia.


Thermodynamic parameters of melting process (DeltaHm, Tm, DeltaTm) of calf thymus DNA, poly(dA)poly(dT) and poly(d(A-C)).poly(d(G-T)) were determined in the presence of various concentrations of TOEPyP(4) and its Zn complex. The investigated porphyrins caused serious stabilization of calf thymus DNA and poly poly(dA)poly(dT), but not poly(d(A-C))poly(d(G-T)). It was shown that TOEpyp(4) revealed GC specificity, it increased Tm of satellite fraction by 24 degrees C, but ZnTOEpyp(4), on the contrary, predominantly bound with AT-rich sites and increased DNA main stage Tm by 18 degrees C, and Tm of poly(dA)poly(dT) increased by 40 degrees C, in comparison with the same polymers without porphyrin. ZnTOEpyp(4) binds with DNA and poly(dA)poly(dT) in two modes--strong and weak ones. In the range of r from 0.005 to 0.08 both modes were fulfilled, and in the range of r from 0.165 to 0.25 only one mode--strong binding--took place. The weak binding is characterized with shifting of Tm by some grades, and for the strong binding Tm shifts by approximately 30-40 degrees C. Invariability of DeltaHm of DNA and poly(dA)poly(dT), and sharp increase of Tm in the range of r from 0.08 to 0.25 for thymus DNA and 0.01-0.2 for poly(dA)poly(dT) we interpret as entropic character of these complexes melting. It was suggested that this entropic character of melting is connected with forcing out of H2O molecules from AT sites by ZnTOEpyp(4) and with formation of outside stacking at the sites of binding. Four-fold decrease of calf thymus DNA melting range width DeltaTm caused by increase of added ZnTOEpyp(4) concentration is explained by rapprochement of AT and GC pairs thermal stability, and it is in agreement with a well-known dependence, according to which DeltaT approximately TGC-TAT for DNA obtained from higher organisms (L. V. Berestetskaya, M. D. Frank-Kamenetskii, and Yu. S. Lazurkin. Biopolymers 13, 193-205 (1974)). Poly (d(A-C))poly(d(G-T)) in the presence of ZnTOEpyp(4) gives only one mode of weak binding. The conclusion is that binding of ZnTOEpyp(4) with DNA depends on its nucleotide sequence.

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