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Am J Hypertens. 2008 Jan;21(1):23-7.

Hydroxyhydroquinone interferes with the chlorogenic acid-induced restoration of endothelial function in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

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Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Tochigi, Japan.



Coffee is a rich source of antioxidative polyphenols, but epidemiological studies and interventional trials have failed to demonstrate any clear beneficial effects of coffee consumption on hypertension. The interaction between hydroxyhydroquinone (HHQ) and 5-caffeoylquinic acid (CQA) was examined, in an attempt to understand the controversial effects of coffee on hypertension.


Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs, 14 weeks old) were divided into the following four groups; those on a control diet, 0.005% HHQ diet, 0.5% CQA diet, and HHQ plus CQA diet. The rats were fed the above diets for 8 weeks, and the tail arterial blood pressure was monitored in conscious rats at 2-week intervals. Urinary nitric oxide (NO) metabolites and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) excretion were measured 8 weeks after the start of the experiment. Endothelium-dependent and -independent vasorelaxant responses and immunohistochemical staining for nitrotyrosine were examined in aortas.


HHQ inhibited the CQA-induced improvement in hypertension, urinary NO metabolites or H(2)O(2) excretion, endothelial dysfunction, and nitrotyrosine deposits in aortas in SHR. However, the administration of HHQ alone had little effect on either strain.


Based on the content ratio of HHQ and chlorogenic acids in coffee, HHQ interfered with the CQA-induced improvement in blood pressure and endothelial function in SHR. The results explain, at least in part, the conflicting action of coffee drinking on hypertension and vascular reactivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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