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J Neuroophthalmol. 2007 Dec;27(4):258-62.

Retinol-binding protein and retinol analysis in cerebrospinal fluid and serum of patients with and without idiopathic intracranial hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, USA. judith.warner@hsc.utah.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Several studies have implicated vitamin A-related compounds in the pathogenesis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The goal of this study was to compare cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum concentrations of retinol and retinol-binding protein (RBP) in subjects with and without IIH.

METHODS:

CSF and serum samples were collected from 87 subjects. The study population was composed of subjects with IIH (IIH group, n = 28), subjects with non-IIH neurologic conditions (neurology controls, n = 42), and subjects undergoing preoperative lumbar puncture but with no known neurologic conditions (anesthesia controls, n = 17). RBP levels (nM) were determined using radial immunodiffusion, and retinol levels (nM) were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography.

RESULTS:

The retinol/RBP ratio was greater in CSF than in serum, especially in subjects with IIH.

CONCLUSIONS:

The finding of increased levels of unbound retinol in the CSF of subjects with IIH provides further evidence that vitamin A may be involved in the pathogenesis of IIH. Comparative statistical analyses revealed multivariate relationships that demonstrate the need to further investigate correlations between vitamin A and RBP levels in CSF and serum.

PMID:
18090557
DOI:
10.1097/WNO.0b013e31815b9af0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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