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Mol Cancer Ther. 2007 Dec;6(12 Pt 1):3314-22.

Cytoreductive antitumor activity of PF-2341066, a novel inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase and c-Met, in experimental models of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma.

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Department of Cancer Biology, Pfizer Global Research and Development, La Jolla Laboratories, 10724 Science Center Drive, La Jolla, CA 92121, USA.


A t(2;5) chromosomal translocation resulting in expression of an oncogenic kinase fusion protein known as nucleophosmin-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (NPM-ALK) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). PF-2341066 was recently identified as a p.o. bioavailable, small-molecule inhibitor of the catalytic activity of c-Met kinase and the NPM-ALK fusion protein. PF-2341066 also potently inhibited NPM-ALK phosphorylation in Karpas299 or SU-DHL-1 ALCL cells (mean IC(50) value, 24 nmol/L). In biochemical and cellular screens, PF-2341066 was shown to be selective for c-Met and ALK at pharmacologically relevant concentrations across a panel of >120 diverse kinases. PF-2341066 potently inhibited cell proliferation, which was associated with G(1)-S-phase cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis in ALK-positive ALCL cells (IC(50) values, approximately 30 nmol/L) but not ALK-negative lymphoma cells. The induction of apoptosis was confirmed using terminal deoxyribonucleotide transferase-mediated nick-end labeling and Annexin V staining (IC(50) values, 25-50 nmol/L). P.o. administration of PF-2341066 to severe combined immunodeficient-Beige mice bearing Karpas299 ALCL tumor xenografts resulted in dose-dependent antitumor efficacy with complete regression of all tumors at the 100 mg/kg/d dose within 15 days of initial compound administration. A strong correlation was observed between antitumor response and inhibition of NPM-ALK phosphorylation and induction of apoptosis in tumor tissue. In addition, inhibition of key NPM-ALK signaling mediators, including phospholipase C-gamma, signal transducers and activators of transcription 3, extracellular signal-regulated kinases, and Akt by PF-2341066 were observed at concentrations or dose levels, which correlated with inhibition of NPM-ALK phosphorylation and function. Collectively, these data illustrate the potential clinical utility of inhibitors of NPM-ALK in treatment of patients with ALK-positive ALCL.

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