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Arch Pharm Res. 2007 Nov;30(11):1455-63.

Anti-proliferate and pro-apoptotic effects of 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyranone through inactivation of NF-kappaB in human colon cancer cells.

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College of Pharmacy, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, Korea.


Many natural compounds have been shown to prevent cancer cell growth through the redox regulation of transcription factors. NF-kappaB, a redox transcription factor, has been implicated in the apoptotic cell death of several cancer cells. This study examined whether or nor 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyranone (DDMP) isolated from onions can modulate the activity of NF-kappaB, thereby induce the apoptotic cell death of colon cancer cells. Treatment with different DDMP concentrations (0.5-1.5 mg/mL) for various periods (0-48 h) inhibited the growth of colon cancer cells (SW620 and HCT116) followed by the induction of apoptosis in a dose dependent manner. It was also found that DDMP modulated tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and tetradeanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA)-induced NF-kappaB transcriptional and DNA binding activity. Moreover, DDMP suppressed the NF-kappaB target anti-apoptotic genes (Bcl-2), whereas it induced the expression of the apoptotic genes (Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP). These results suggest that DDMP from onions inhibit colon cancer cell growth by inducing apoptotic cell death through the inhibition of NF-kappaB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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