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Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2007 Sep;10(3):233-9.

Management of portal venous complications after liver transplantation.

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Interventional Radiology Section, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.


The postoperative vascular complications following liver transplantation, specifically portal venous complications, have been well documented. These complications, which include portal venous stenosis and thrombosis, can be potentially devastating and lead to graft failure. The interventional techniques in managing these complications are relatively new and have been developed only in the past 15 to 20 years. Additionally with the increasing numbers of split liver and living related transplants that are being performed, so has the incidence of portal venous complications increased. This article is a review of the current interventional techniques used in managing portal venous complications in the posttransplant patient. The topics covered include portal vein angioplasty, stenting, and thrombolysis with a description of the variety of techniques used to perform these procedures. The review also covers management of portal hypertension by creating a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS).

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