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J Interv Cardiol. 2008 Feb;21(1):1-7. Epub 2007 Dec 12.

Management of multivessel coronary disease after ST elevation myocardial infarction treated by primary angioplasty.

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Interventional Cardiology Unit, Cardiology Department, "Sandro Pertini" Hospital, Rome, Italy.



Optimal treatment strategy of patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing primary angioplasty is still unclear. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of non-culprit vessels simultaneously or soon after primary angioplasty is feasible and safe, but available data failed to consistently show a benefit in long-term clinical outcomes.


We retrospectively compared in-hospital and long-term outcomes for patients with STEMI and multivessel CAD treated by primary angioplasty with (Group 1, n=64) or without (Group 2, n=46) early, staged PCI of other angiographically significant coronary lesions. In-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as a composite of death, periprocedural myocardial infarction after staged, elective PCI, stroke, stent thrombosis, major bleeding, and vascular complications. MACE at follow-up were defined as a composite of death, stroke, stent thrombosis, any coronary revascularization, and re-hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome.


Group 1 patients underwent staged PCI 5.9 +/- 3.5 days after primary angioplasty. The mean length of follow-up was 13 months (392 +/- 236 days). The incidence of in-hospital MACE was 20.3% in Group 1 and 10.8% in Group 2 (P=0.186); the incidence of out of hospital MACE was 9.3% in Group 1 and 23.9% in Group 2 (P=0.037). In Group 1 in-hospital MACE were driven by periprocedural myocardial infarction after the elective procedure, which occurred in 15.6% of patients.


Our data show that multivessel, staged PCI in STEMI patients is associated with a low incidence of adverse events at follow-up but with a higher incidence of in-hospital MACE, mainly driven by periprocedural myocardial infarction during the elective procedure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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