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Arch Microbiol. 2008 Apr;189(4):419-26. Epub 2007 Dec 14.

S-Adenosylmethionine induces BldH and activates secondary metabolism by involving the TTA-codon control of bldH expression in Streptomyces lividans.

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Department of Biological Science, Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Myongji University, San 38-2 Namdong, Yongin, 449-728, South Korea.


In the present study, a mechanism for S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to promote secondary metabolism was characterized in terms of bldH sl) expression in Streptomyces lividans. A previous study demonstrated that SAM, on application at 2 microM, induces the transcription of the strR promoter (strRp), which originates from Streptomyces griseus, in S. lividans. An inactivation study verified that bldH sl is essential to strRp transcription in S. lividans and it was demonstrated that the effects of SAM on the induction of strRp activity, on the transcription of redZ and actII-orf4, and on antibiotic production were compromised when the unique leucine TTA-codon of bldH sl was changed to TTG. Western blot analysis revealed that SAM supplementation enhances the expression of bldH sl when the TTA-codon was intact but not when the TTG replacement was provided. This study validates the involvement of BldH sl in the potentiating effect of SAM on the antibiotic production and substantiates that SAM controls the expression of bldH sl through the TTA-codon control in translating bldH mRNA. It is argued here that the intracellular SAM-level modulates the maturation of bldA, which encodes the UUA-codon tRNA and controls secondary metabolism in S. lividans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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