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Br J Pharmacol. 2008 Mar;153(6):1153-61. Epub 2007 Dec 17.

Celecoxib modulates adhesion of HT29 colon cancer cells to vascular endothelial cells by inhibiting ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, Pharmacology and Forensic Medicine, University of Turin, Torino, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is highly expressed during inflammation and can promote the progression of colorectal cancer. Interactions between cancer cells and vascular endothelial cells are key events in this process. Recently, the selective COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, was shown to inhibit expression of the adhesion molecules, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, in the human colon cancer cell line HT29 and to inhibit adhesion of HT29 cells to FCS-coated plastic wells. Here, we evaluated the effects of celecoxib on adhesion of HT29 cells to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), mediated by ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, to assess further the potential protective effects of celecoxib on cancer development.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Celecoxib was incubated for 4 h with HT29 cells and HUVEC and adhesion was quantified by a computerized micro-imaging system. Expression analysis of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 cell adhesion molecules was performed by western blot.

KEY RESULTS:

Celecoxib (1 nM-10 microM) inhibited, with the same potency, adhesion of HT29 cells to resting HUVEC or to HUVEC stimulated by tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), mimicking inflammatory conditions. Analysis of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression showed that celecoxib inhibited expression of both molecules in TNF-alpha-stimulated HUVEC, but not in resting HUVEC; inhibition was concentration-dependent and maximal (about 50%) at 10 microM celecoxib.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

In conclusion, our data show that celecoxib inhibits HT29 cell adhesion to HUVEC and expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, in stimulated endothelial cells. These effects may contribute to the chemopreventive activity of celecoxib in the development of colorectal cancer.

PMID:
18084316
PMCID:
PMC2275462
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0707636
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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