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Cancer Gene Ther. 2008 Feb;15(2):126-32. Epub 2007 Dec 14.

Cell studies of a three-component antisense MORF/tat/Herceptin nanoparticle designed for improved tumor delivery.

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1
Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01655, USA.

Abstract

The three-component nanoparticle of this investigation consisted of an anti-type I regulatory subunit alpha of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (RIalpha) antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino (MORF) oligomer, a tat peptide and the anti-HER2 Herceptin antibody each biotinylated and each linked via streptavidin and tested in SUM190 (HER2+), SUM149 (HER2-) and SK-BR-3 (HER2+) cells in culture, using both radioactivity and fluorescent labels on the antisense and control sense MORF. Within the nanoparticle, the antibody provides specific binding to the target cells, the tat improves cellular delivery and the MORF provides the specific retention of the radioactivity in the target cell nucleus. The results show that within the nanoparticle, the Herceptin was still able to bind to its determinant; that the MORF escaped entrapment with its mRNA-binding ability preserved and that the tat maintained its carrier function. Fluorescence microscopy showed evidence of antisense MORF internalization, separation from Herceptin and migration to the nucleus. In conclusion, streptavidin appears to provide an easy means of mixing and matching components to improve the tumor-specific targeting, cell membrane transport, pharmacokinetics and other properties of antisense and other oligomers. Combining the three components of this investigation with streptavidin apparently did not interfere with the properties of each component in cell culture and significantly improved delivery.

PMID:
18084241
DOI:
10.1038/sj.cgt.7701111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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