Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Subst Abuse Treat. 2008 Sep;35(2):184-201. Epub 2008 Feb 20.

A systematic review of emergency care brief alcohol interventions for injury patients.

Author information

1
Division of Social Medicine and Public Health Science, Department of Health and Society, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. per.nilsen@ihs.liu.se

Abstract

This article examines 14 studies that assessed the effectiveness of brief interventions (BIs) delivered to injury patients in emergency care settings. The aims were to review findings concerning the effectiveness of providing BI in these settings and to explore factors contributing to its effectiveness. Of the 12 studies that compared pre- and post-BI results, 11 observed a significant effect of BI on at least some of the outcomes: alcohol intake, risky drinking practices, alcohol-related negative consequences, and injury frequency. Two studies assessed only post-BI results. More intensive interventions tended to yield more favorable results. BI patients achieved greater reductions than control group patients, although there was a tendency for the control group(s) to also show improvements. Five studies failed to show significant differences between the compared treatment conditions. Variations in the study protocol, alcohol-related recruitment criteria, screening and assessment methods, and injury severity limit the specific conclusions that can be drawn.

PMID:
18083321
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsat.2007.09.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Health
    Loading ...
    Support Center