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Mol Cell. 2007 Dec 14;28(5):850-9.

The DEAD-box protein Dbp5 controls mRNA export by triggering specific RNA:protein remodeling events.

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Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, U-3209 MRBIII, 465 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232-8240, USA.


Messenger RNA (mRNA) export involves the unidirectional passage of ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) through nuclear pore complexes (NPCs), presumably driven by the ATP-dependent activity of the DEAD-box protein Dbp5. Here we report that Dbp5 functions as an RNP remodeling protein to displace the RNA-binding protein Nab2 from RNA. Strikingly, the ADP-bound form of Dbp5 and not ATP hydrolysis is required for RNP remodeling. In vivo studies with nab2 and dbp5 mutants show that a Nab2-bound mRNP is a physiological Dbp5 target. We propose that Dbp5 functions as a nucleotide-dependent switch to control mRNA export efficiency and release the mRNP from the NPC.

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